Test your 4th of July smarts

July 1776 was the month in which members of the Continental Congress (CC) voted for independence from Great Britain. Ever since we’ve been celebrating our reverse Brexit.

Test your knowledge of some of the cool things I learned at Independence Hall National Historic Park about the Fourth of July:


What was the real significance of July 4th?

The Continental Congress voted for independence on July 2 but didn’t approve the Declaration of Independence until July 4.


How many people signed the Declaration?

There were 56 in all. The oldest was Benjamin Franklin, at 70, and the youngest was Edward Rutledge, 27.


How many put pen to paper on the 4th?

Only two. The first (and largest signature) was John Hancock’s.


How many people lived in the U.S. when the Declaration was signed?

2.5 million


Which three presidents died on the Fourth of July?

Three of the first five US presidents passed on July 4. They were John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe (Adams and Jefferson both died in 1826 on the 50th anniversary of the approval of the Declaration.


Image courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

Bayard Taylor’s “National Ode,” Independence Hall, Philadelphia, during the American Centennial Festival, on the Fourth of July 1876.


Buy the book! Prophets and Moguls, Rangers and Rogues, Bison and Bears: 100 Years of the National Park Service.